Course 1

The Basic Science and the Biological Basis for Sex- and Gender-Related Differences

This course is designed to give the student a basic scientific understanding of the major physiological differences between the sexes, the influences these differences have on illness and health outcomes, and the implications for policy, medical research, and health care.

Learning Objectives

After participating in this activity, the participant will demonstrate the ability to:

  1. Contrast and compare key regulatory U.S. Department of Health and Human Services policies significant to inclusion of women in clinical research and human subject protection.
  2. Evaluate the appropriateness of the design and analysis of preclinical and clinical research studies to detect and quantify potential sex and gender differences.
  3. Describe the scientific basis of known sex and gender differences.
  4. Identify known sex and gender differences with regard to diseases, and differences in response to or effects of drugs and other medical interventions in the treatment and management of these conditions.